what did queen anne die of

The men were sentenced to being hanged, drawn and quartered, but the king in his ‘mercy’ commuted their sentences to beheading. This August marks the 300th anniversary of the death of Queen Anne, the last of the Stuart monarchs, and the first sovereign of Great Britain. Poet Sir Thomas Wyatt, who was imprisoned in the Tower at the time, wrote of witnessing their executions from the Bell Tower, a sight “That in my head sticks day and night”. Indeed, Anne was internationally so well regarded that a Russian Bestuzev at the Hanoverian Court, was sent to report the queen’s death to the Tsar (Peter the Great) who ordered six weeks of mourning (SP 91/8/26).

No witnesses were produced against Anne and her brother either, and they defended themselves admirably, with George being described as replying “so well” to the charges “that several of those present wagered 10 to 1 that he would be acquitted”. After Mary's death in 1694, William reigned alone until his own death in 1702, when Anne succeeded him. Amongst those in attendance was her physician Hans Sloane, the future founder of the British Museum. Anne was the second daughter of James, duke of York (King James II, 1685–88), and Anne Hyde.Although her father was a Roman Catholic, she was reared a Protestant at the insistence of her uncle, King Charles II.In 1683 Anne was married to the handsome, if uninspiring, Prince George of Denmark (1653–1708), who became her devoted companion. Politically, Anne’s reign was marked by the development of the two-party system, with Whigs and Tories competing for power. Her father, the Catholic James II, died in France in 1701, having been overthrown by the Glorious Revolution. If you subscribe to BBC History Magazine Print or Digital Editions then you can unlock 10 years’ worth of archived history material fully searchable by Topic, Location, Period and Person. A special decorative memorial tile bearing Anne’s coat of arms, her name and title – “Queen Anne Boleyn” – and year of death, was laid to mark the spot. Anne was 37 years old when she became queen, and even at her coronation suffered from a bad attack of gout and had to be carried to the ceremony in an open sedan chair. Anne was 49 years old at the time of death. She attended more Council meetings than any of her predecessors, and presided over an age (as personified by the work of John Vanburgh and Daniel Defoe) of artistic, literary, economic and political advancement that was made possible by the stability of her rule. At Christmas, she was feverish, and lay unconscious for hours, which led to rumours of her impending death. Anne's sister and Dutch Protestant brother-in-law and cousin William III of Orange became joint monarchs. Your email address will not be published. Anne, Queen of Great Britain's sister, Mary II of England, died on December 28, 1694 as he was 32 years old. Anne never enjoyed good health, and her many pregnancies that ended in miscarriages greatly weakened her. Thank you for subscribing to HistoryExtra, you now have unlimited access.
On the very same day, Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared the annulment of the marriage of Anne and Henry VIII. Thanks! Anne was 49 years old at the time of death. Coronavirus Update. PC 1/2/256, ‘Lying in State’, plan for the funeral procession and service of Queen Anne at Westminster, 14-16 August 1714. Towards the end of her life Anne suffered increasingly more from gout, and could hardly walk. I am come hither to accuse no man, nor to speak of that whereof I am accused and condemned to die, but I pray God save the King and send him long to reign over you, for a gentler nor a more merciful prince was there never, and to me he was ever a good, a gentle, and sovereign lord. Please enter your number below.
According to the indictments, not only had she slept with these men (as a result of her “frail and carnal appetites”), but she had also conspired with them to kill her husband, the king. Despite failing health, which her doctors blamed on the emotional strain of matters of state, she attended two late-night cabinet meetings that failed to determine Harley's successor. She’d been queen for just three years.

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