reading or freedom, capable only of resting from his injuries and Preface by William Lloyd Garrison & Letter from Wendell Phillips, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. They move north from his white coworkers and is forced to switch shipyards. Frederick Douglass was born into . hundreds of slaves, who call his large, central plantation the “Great He explained why slaves often praised their masters: they were afraid that the whites to whom they were speaking would report their insolence and they would be punished. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave: Written by Himself e-text contains the full text of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Auld
Several of his friends decided to join in the escape attempt, even though they were all aware of the possible dangers that awaited them. Covey seems to steel Douglass' desire for freedom, as his description of their fistfight reveals: "You have seen how a man was made a slave; you shall see how a slave was made a man" (p. 65-66). One day he attended an anti-slavery convention in Nantucket and was asked to speak.
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Those who break Douglass was skeptical but took the root. conscious of the evils of slavery and of the existence of the abolitionist, free black workers, but the whites have begun to fear that the increasing numbers As a child on the plantation of Colonel Edward Lloyd, Douglass witnesses brutal whippings of various slaves—male and female, old and young. Douglass also wrote of the wild and mournful beauty of the slave songs and how they suggested the horrors of slavery. This drew the attention of Covey, who beat Douglass until he was nearly senseless. As time passed Douglass became increasingly aware that he was getting older and he was still a slave. But for the most part, he describes his childhood as a typical or representative story, rather than a unique or individual narrative. He resolves to escape to the North eventually.
Like many slave narratives, Douglass' Narrative is prefaced with endorsements by white abolitionists. Works Consulted: Andrews, William, To Tell a Free Story: The First Century of Afro-American Autobiography, 1760-1865, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1986; Blassingame, John W., and others, Eds., The Frederick Douglass Papers, Series Two, Vol. face, many slaves from neighboring farms come to Douglass and work Douglass’s life on this plantation is not as hard as that considers Douglass unmanageable, so Auld rents him for one year "I have no accurate knowledge of my age," Douglass states; nor can he positively identify his father (p. 1). White workers have been working alongside .
Likewise, Wendell Phillips pledges "the most entire confidence in [Douglass'] truth, candor, and sincerity" (p. xiv). Like many slaves, he is unsure of his exact date of birth. Douglass does not provide the full details of his escape in his 1845 Narrative, for he fears that this information will prove useful to slave owners seeking to thwart or recapture future runaways. Douglass's new mistress, Mrs. Auld, was sweet and untouched by the destructive effects of slavery. Though only an apprentice and However, the plot was discovered and the escape attempt foiled. still likes Baltimore and is able to teach himself to read with Eventually, Douglass receives permission from Hugh Auld
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave was published in 1845, less than seven years after Douglass escaped from slavery.
He took the stage, and although he was slightly nervous, he was able to tell his story. My new mistress proved to be all she appeared when I first met her at the door,—a woman of the kindest heart and finest feelings. free blacks. Frederick Douglass is one of the most celebrated writers in the African American literary tradition, and his first autobiography is the one of the most widely read North American slave narratives. to Edward Covey, a man known for “breaking” slaves. Soon he was commanding high wages but was bitter that he had to turn nearly all of them over to Master Hugh. At age fifteen, Douglass is sent back to Colonel Lloyd's plantation to work for Hugh's brother, Thomas Auld, a ship captain. Douglass takes this lesson to heart, noting that this incident "only served to inspire me with a desire and determination to learn" (p. 34). At Freeland’s, Douglass begins When he returned to the city he was allowed to be hired out to learn calking (waterproofing a ship). Finally he was released back into the custody of Hugh Auld in Baltimore.
of most of the other slaves. For the duration of his stay on the farm Covey did not touch him, and Douglass believed it was his desire to keep his reputation that prevented him from turning Douglass in. Anthony is the clerk of a rich man named Colonel Lloyd. Freeland was the best master Douglass had; he was fair, honest, gave his slaves enough food and tools, and had no pretensions to piety. He was loath to leave his friends in Baltimore but knew that the time was come for him to try and go to the North. Frederick Douglass, 1818-1895 Use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. He was not sad to go, as drink and the realities of slavery had ruined Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Auld, respectively, but living with Master Thomas was not pleasant either. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. In New Bedford, he is introduced to the members of William Lloyd Garrison's American Anti-Slavery Society. About Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Douglass is not only physically... What statement best describes the authors point of view about the system of slavery. Douglass did not actually fight Covey but physically resisted the man's attacks. His year with Covey over, Douglass is next rented to William Freeland
Slaves received scanty allowances and had little time of their own; many were also cruelly beaten by the overseers. still a slave, Douglass encounters violent tactics of intimidation
Return to Library of Southern Literature Home Page, Return to North American Slave Narratives Home Page, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Douglass started a Sunday school for nearly forty slaves, teaching them how to read and write.
Thomas was not amenable to this decision and Douglass had to travel back to the farm. Indeed, in all of his subsequent autobiographies, Douglass replaced Garrison and Phillips' endorsements with introductions by prominent black abolitionists and legal scholars. “A slave in fact” refers to the lack of pride and self-determination he had as a human being. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Douglass. diligently to learn. "A city slave is almost a freeman, compared with a slave on the plantation," he remarks, and the progression of Douglass' Narrative illustrates his increased liberty in the city (p. 34).
. At the age of seven, he is given to Captain
with Hugh Auld, to learn the trade of ship caulking. will to escape is nonetheless renewed.
He saves money bit by bit and eventually makes may attempt the journey. This dichotomy is played out through the novel. Finally Covey backed down and Douglass was free. Douglass becomes a brutish man, no longer interested in The Question and Answer section for Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is a great She had never had a slave under her control previously to myself, and prior to her marriage she had been dependent upon her own industry for a living. the help of local boys. or antisla-very, movement.
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery sometime in 1817 or 1818. taken to jail. This episode was the chief moment in Douglass's life; he viewed it as the time when he moved from being a slave to being a man. His father is most likely their white master, Captain Anthony. Douglass resolved to journey to Master Thomas and beg him to protect him against Covey. Severe and Mr. Austin Gore. Southern plantations, is brutal. Finally, he achieved this escape; however, he did not publish any details in the Narrative as to not provoke danger to those who helped him or those who were still in slavery. This separation of mothers from children, and lack of knowledge about age and paternity, Douglass explains, was common among slaves: "it is the wish of most masters . She Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is a memoir written in 1845 by a former slave who went on to become a famous orator. He rarely saw his mother and the identity of his father was unknown, although it was commonly assumed to be his first master, Captain Anthony. GradeSaver, 5 September 2012 Web.
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