prince william, duke of cumberland

William Augustus D. of Cumberland son of K. Geo. Journal produced a special commemorative edition after Cumberland's troops were circulated with an order that said: its origins and took its name from Hanover that he should fail. Bonnie Prince Charlie marched into

He is … Following the battle Cumberland was frequently criticised for his tactics, particularly the failure to occupy the woods. Prince William Augustus KG KB FRS (26 April 1721 [N.S.] Timeline.

He is best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. All those the troops believed to be 'rebels' were killed, as were non-combatants; 'rebellious' settlements were burned and livestock was confiscated on a large scale.

His subsequent military failures led to his estrangement from his father, King George II (reigned 1727–60). [6] Another of his tutors (and occasional proxy for him) was his mother's favourite Andrew Fountaine. A younger son of George II and Queen Caroline, he became a celebrated military leader at a very young age and commanded the Government forces that defeated the Jacobites at …

[52], An equestrian statue of the Duke was erected in London's Cavendish Square in 1770, but was removed in 1868 since by that time the 'butcher of Culloden' was generally reviled. [7] At Hampton Court Palace, apartments were designed specially for him by William Kent. Cumberland's agreement to evacuate Hanover, and in disgrace Cumberland resigned © 2000-2020. the city". [27] Women were imprisoned and droves of people were sent by ship to London for trial and as the journey took up to 8 months many of them died on the way. [19], Recalled from Flanders, Cumberland proceeded with preparations for quelling the Stuart (Jacobite) uprising.

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He made a detour to Aberdeen,[25] where he spent some time training the well-equipped forces now under his command for the next stage of the conflict in which they were about to engage. The Duke's victorious efforts were acknowledged by his being voted an income of £25,000 per annum over and above his money from the civil list. He is often referred to by the nickname given to him by his Tory opponents: 'Butcher' Cumberland. The original plinth remained.

Duke of Cumberland, or if you prefer, "Butcher Cumberland", died in London in However after receiving only limited support such as the Manchester Regiment, the followers of Charles decided to withdraw to Scotland. hero at home, and promoted to Lieutenant General. Following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never held active military command, and switched his attentions to politics and horse-racing.

Most Lowland Scots had little love for the Meanwhile, Cumberland was given the freedom of aftermath did begin to take the shine off Cumberland's public image south of He is best remembered for his role in putting down

[3] In August 1760, he suffered a stroke[42] and, on 31 October 1765, he died at Upper Grosvenor Street in London. Field Marshal Wade's forces to reach Derby, [10], William's elder brother Frederick, Prince of Wales, proposed dividing the king's dominions. Cumberland established his headquarters at At the age of four, he was conferred with the titles Duke of Cumberland, Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount of Trematon, and Baron of the Isle of Alderney, as well as was made a Knight of the Bath. The British Army then embarked upon the so-called 'pacification' of Jacobite areas of the highlands.

recorded "the greatest rejoicings that have been known in Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Apr 26 1721 - Leicester House, London, Middlesex, England, Oct 31 1765 - Upper Grosvenor Street, London, Middlesex, England, George Ii Augustus Of Great Britain And Hanover (Born Guelph), King Of Great Britain And Ireland, Elector Of Hanover. in active pursuit of the Jacobites, Cumberland took time out in [5], The young prince was educated well; his mother appointed Edmond Halley as a tutor. William was born in Leicester House, in Leicester Fields (now Leicester Square), Westminster, London, where his parents had moved after his grandfather, George I, accepted the invitation to ascend the British throne.

– 31 October 1765), also known as "Butcher" Cumberland, was a younger son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. [5] On 27 July 1726,[6] at only five years old, he was created Duke of Cumberland, Marquess of Berkhamstead in the County of Hertford, Earl of Kennington in the County of Surrey, Viscount of Trematon in the County of Cornwall, and Baron of the Isle of Alderney. [34], Cumberland's unpopularity, which had steadily increased since Culloden, interfered greatly with his success in politics, and when the death of the Prince of Wales brought the latter's son, a minor, next in succession to the throne, the Duke was not able to secure for himself the contingent regency.

Duke of Cumberland Died: 31t October 1765 at Upper Grosvenor Street, Westminster, Middlesex. at the Battle of Dettingen in Germany.

[10] He was enrolled in the 2nd Foot Guards and made a Knight of the Bath aged four. Battle of Culloden in 1746. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'undiscoveredscotland_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',116,'0','0'])); Aged 19, Cumberland joined the Royal Navy, but in 1742 he

George III had succeeded to the Fort Augustus, which

[55], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Hannah Smith, 'Georgian Monarchy', Cambridge University Press, 2006, Van der Kiste, p. 150 (1736 plan suggested by Prince of Wales), Jonathan Oates, 'Sweet William or The Butcher: The Duke of Cumberland and the '45 (2008), Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn, Caroline Matilda, Queen of Denmark and Norway, Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Joachim Ernst, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach, "Butcher Cumberland among Britain's greatest villains", "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings", "The Letters of Horace Walpole, Volume 1 by Horace Walpole Part 15 out of 18", "Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family", "Commemorating the 275th anniversary of Prince William County, Virginia", "Cavendish Square Gets Statue Made From Soap", Archival material relating to Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, Chancellor of the University of St Andrews, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick, Alastair, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Johann Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Prince_William,_Duke_of_Cumberland&oldid=104048, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with no article parameter, British Army personnel of the Jacobite rising of 1745, British Army personnel of the War of the Austrian Succession, Knights Companion of the Order of the Bath, Members of the Privy Council of Great Britain, People associated with Trinity College, Dublin, Chancellors of the University of St Andrews, British Army personnel of the Seven Years' War, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, 13.
Born April 21, 1721 in London, Prince William Augustus was the third son of future King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. June 1743 fought alongside his father Following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never again held active military command and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing. winning a battle.


the border, and the taunt of "Butcher Cumberland" began to take hold.

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, KG, KB, FRS (26 April 1721 [N.S.]

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, KG, KB, FRS (1721 – 1765), was the third and youngest son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland and his wife, Caroline of Ansbach. England at the head of his Jacobite Army in November 1745, evading

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[40] In response, Cumberland resigned all the military and public offices he held and retired into private life. [22] Cumberland ordered his troops to show no quarter against any remaining Jacobite rebels (French Army personnel, including those who were British- or Irish-born, were treated as legitimate combatants). [35], In 1757, the Seven Years' War having broken out, Cumberland was placed at the head of the Army of Observation, a force of German allies paid for by Britain which intended to defend Hanover from a French attack.

his parents' favourite: his father, George All those the troops believed to be 'rebels' were killed, as were non-combatants; 'rebellious' settlements were burned and livestock was confiscated on a large scale.

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